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3/4/2001

Articles

Alain Erlande-Brandenburg

La cathédrale Saint-Guy de Prague et ľacces latéral des cathédrales

St Vitus Cathedral and Side Entrances to Cathedrals

pp. 197-202 (Czech summary)

The study deals with the issue of side entrances to cathedrals in a historical context. The necessity of these entrances was originally given by the arrangement of towns, based on the crossing of the main axial roads. The author uses the examples of specific cathedrals to show the individual solutions as well as hardships that emerged in the course of their implementation.

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Dany Sandron

Laon, la catedhédrale aux sept tours

Laon, a Seven-Towered Cathedral

pp. 203-210 (Czech summary)

The study highlights the artistic form and arrangement of the towers of the cathedral in Laon, built from the second half of the 12th century. Besides the tower above the crossing and the two pairs of towers forming the front of the transept, the author focuses on the famous western towers known from the sketchbook of Villard d'Honnecourt, which became the elementary model for this type of cathedral towers.

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Peter Kurmann

Filiation ou parallele? A propos des façades et des tours de Saint-Guy de Prague et de Saint-Ouen de Rouen

Kinship or Affinity? The Front and the Tower of St Vitus Cathedral in Prague and Saint-Ouen Cathedral in Rouen

pp. 211-219 (Czech summary)

The Saint-Ouen abbey church in Rouen was built in the 14th century, just like St Vitus Cathedral. In terms of typology, it can be perceived as "an ideal French cathedral". The article monitors parallels between both buildings and probes into mutual relationships between Prague and Rouen.

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Alain Villes

Ľancienne grande fleche de la cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Châlons-en-Champagne

The Original Helmet of the Big Tower of Saint-Etienne Cathedral in Châlons-en-Champagne

pp. 220-234 (Czech summary)

The tower of the cathedral in Châlons-en-Champagne was topped by a big wooden helmet, completed according to an older model in 1520 and destroyed after a fire in the 1660s. After a brief survey of the construction history of the cathedral, the author of the study focuses on the original look of the tower and on its functional and style qualities.

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Christian Freigang

Les tours de transept autour de 1300. Remarques sur la différenciation architecturale de la liturgie dans les cathédrales gothique du Midi de la France

Transept Towers Around 1300. Notes on the Architectonic Differentiation of Liturgy in the Pastoral Churches of Southern France

pp. 235- 245 (Czech summary)

The author analyses reasons behind the prevalence, in the late 13th and the 14th centuries, of a type of transept with towers, frequently used above all in Southern France. Besides the fact that such transepts probably compensated for an unfinished nave with a western front, they were also built in relation to the then-increasing liturgical role of the church choir.

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Nicolas Reveyron

La tour recentrée ou la réorganisation ďun paysage monumental (Lyon XVe siecle)

Tower Reorientation, or the Reorganisation of a Monumental Portrait of a City (Lyon, 15th century)

pp. 246-255 (Czech summary)

High church towers played an important role in the look of city skylines, not only owing to their aesthetic qualities, but also as mirrors of the social conditions in the given territories. In this context, the author focuses on the reconstruction of the Lyon Cathedral in the last quarter of the 12th century.

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Thomas Flum

Zur Baugeschichte des Freiburger Münsterturms

On the Construction History of the Freiburg Dome Tower

pp. 256-261 (Czech summary)

The study aims at explaining the origin of the tower of the Freiburg Dome, focusing on the dating of the beginning, end, and supposed suspension of construction work, for which there are no direct sources and which is still subject to discussion. Besides, the study deals with the relationship between the octagon of the tower and the late gothic choir in terms of style.

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Petr Chotěbor

Der grosse Turm des St. Veitsdoms. Erkenntnisse, die bei den Instandsetzungsarbeiten im Jahr 2000 gewonnen wurden

The Big Southern Tower of St Vitus Cathedral. Knowledge Gained from a Reconstruction in 2000

pp. 262-270 (Czech summary)

This study aims at describing precisely the partial stages of the construction of St Vitus Cathedral's tower by monitoring stonemasons' marks. Among other things, it shows that the oldest southeast supporting column must have been built before 1368 and that the current height of the stone walls corresponds to the situation from 1419, when work on the cathedral was suspended.

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Klára Benešovská

La haute tour de la cathédrale Saint-Guy dans ses rapports avec la façade sud

The High Tower of St Vitus Cathedral and its Position in the Whole of the Southern Front

pp. 271-289 (Czech summary)

At the beginning of this article, the author highlights several key facts concerning the construction of the tower of St Vitus Cathedral. Subsequently, she reconstructs the look of the tower before a fire in 1541, interprets its importance in the overall composition of the southern front, and deals with its style and possible authorship of the individual parts.

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Ivo Hlobil

Die Bauskulptur ander Frontseite des Parler-Turms am St Veitsdom zu Prag

Architectonic Sculpture on the Front of St Vitus Cathedral's Parlerite Tower

pp. 290-304 (Czech summary)

The article focuses on the sculptures of the tower of St Vitus Cathedral, which have never been researched in detail. The author concludes that the design of the bottom layer of the tower's sculpture was drawn by Jan Parler, who probably carved the most important relief of a dragon and a goat. A later master builder, probably Master Petrlík, co-operated on the figural consoles from 1406-1412, placed higher on the front.

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Taťána Petrasová

Die unvollende puristische Instandsetzung des hohen Turms der St.-Veits-Katedrale zu Prag (1879-1911): Quelle der Erkenntnis und Ursprung von Irrtümern

Unfinished Purist Repair of the High Tower of St Vitus Cathedral in Prague (1879-1911): a Source of Knowledge and a Source of Errors

pp. 305-320(Czech summary)

The author focuses on construction modifications of the tower of St Vitus Cathedral, designed by Josef Mocker and then taken further by Kamil Hilbert who made some changes against the original plan. For the first time ever, the author publishes several designs by Mocker that have been preserved. The projects enable a more detailed art-historical analysis of his steps which have been, up to now, perceived mostly in a negative way.

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Archives

Barbora Zlámalová

Jan Zrzavý a Věra Jičínská: zpráva o přátelství. (Dopisy a vzpomínky z pozůstalosti zapomenuté malířky)

Jan Zrzavý and Věra Jičínská: a Report on a Friendship (Letters and Memories from the Estate of a Forgotten Painter)

pp. 321-333

Věra Jičínská met Jan Zrzavý in Paris in 1923, and their friendship lasted until Jičínská's death in 1961. The text brings Zrzavý's letters addressed to Jičínská and a selection of her diary entries. It is accompanied by a critical commentary placing the given writings in the relevant context.

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News

Arthur Saliger

Das internationale Parler-Symposium in Schwäbich Gmünd vom 17. bis 19. Juli 2001

The International Parlerian Symposium in Gmünd in July 17-19, 2001

pp. 333-335

Martin Pavlíček

Nástěnná malba Trůnního sálu biskupské rezidence v Litoměřicích

Wall Painting of the Throne Hall of the Bishop's Residence in Litoměřice

pp. 335-337

The ceiling of the Throne Hall of the Bishop's Residence in Litoměřice is covered by a monumental wall painting depicting the scene from the Old Testament wherein water flows out of a rock hit by the angry Moses. This scene is lined by medallions portraying allegories of the four seasons and a couple of putti. The article provides a deeper analysis of the iconographic and style concept of this work whose model it finds in a painting by Roman painter Ciro Ferri (1634-1689).

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Pavel Vlček

Anglický krajinářský park v Krásném Dvoře

English Landscape Park in Krásný Dvůr

pp. 337-349

On the basis of preserved descriptions and archival documents, the author is trying to reconstruct the look of Jan Nepomuk Rudolf Černín's park in Krásný Dvůr. At the same time, on a general level he comments on the ideal look of a romantic park and on feelings and emotions linked to a visit to such a park.

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Reviews

Milena Bartlová

Evelin Wetter, Böhmische Bildstickerei um 1400

pp. 349-352

Olga Kotková

Jarmila Vacková, Odpovědi obrazů. Mistři starého Nizozemí

pp. 352-355

Markéta Svobodová

Marie Platovská, Josef Gočár. U Černé Matky boží, Praga

pp. 355-356

Karel Srp

Karel Teige, Modern Architecture in Czechoslovakia and Other Writings

pp. 356-360

Annotations

pp. 361-362

New Additions to the Literature on Art History

pp. 362-365