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Jindřich Vybíral

The Architects Have Overslept? On the Concept of Space in 19th Century Architectural Theory

The article is a polemical response to Rostislav Švácha's study, published in Umění/Art 2001, no. 6. It demonstrates that the term 'space' did not arise in architectural thought in the late 19th century, as Švácha argued, but was to be found earlier in the theories of Heinrich Hübsch, Carl Böttinger and Gottfried Semper. The article thus corrects the hypothesis about the 'architects who overslept'. At the same time, it tries to explain the specific reasons why ideological-spatial concepts appeared in German architectural theory in the second half of the 19th century.

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